There are 2 types of children in this world:
- Children who have trouble focusing and let their time be manipulated by others, and
- Children who are indistractable and control their time
Bestselling Authors Nir Eyal and Vanessa Van Edwards, both parents, invite you to join this free training on raising resilient, thoughtful children while staying sane yourself.
UPDATE: You can view the recording of our live webinar right here! This webinar is packed with golden nuggets of information! We hope you enjoy it.
This is the second time I’ve had the pleasure of hosting a webinar with Nir. If you’d like to watch our first edition on how you can become indistractable as an adult, you can watch it right here.
Let’s dive into how to create indistractable kids!
There are a lot of things that are simply not true about distracted kids. Starting with possibly the most common one…
Myth #1: Technology melts kids’ brains
This is definitely not a new myth. Our parents– and even our grandparents– have been talking about how Super Mario, metal music, radio, and even MTV are causing kids to lose their minds.
But here’s the deal: kids have been going crazy ever since the beginning of time! They run around, jump, refuse to eat their broccoli, and simply don’t have the focus to pay attention long enough to get stuff done.
Parents simply try to find the biggest excuse— and ta-da, technology is right in front of our faces (literally!). But there is not a reliable study that shows a correlation between smart, age-appropriate screen time (a big key here is AGE-APPROPRIATE, which I’ll get to later) and easily distracted, mindless kids.
2 hours a day of TV, video games, or whatever your kid likes to do is perfectly fine! The problem comes when children tune out too much.. One study even found that when children watched more than 4 hours of TV, they had lower reading scores, and the negative effects compound with increased distraction.
So it’s not technology itself per se, but too much technology (like too much of anything!) that really hurts children.
But this begs the question, why exactly do children overuse any form of technology?
I’ll get to that later, but first let’s move onto the next myth.
Myth #2: Sugar causes hyper kids
Remember that old saying that sugar causes kids to be super hyper? It turns out this was a complete myth, too.
In fact, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics says this myth all started back in the mid 1970’s when a doctor took away the sugar from a single child’s diet, and that child’s behavior improved. However, dozens of follow-up studies have tried to replicate this result and none have succeeded.
But here’s the really surprising part: Nir said the only people who experienced any change in their behavior were the parents themselves.
Here’s what happened:
- Researchers told parents their kids ate sugar (they didn’t).
- They asked the parents to observe their kids’ behavior.
The result? The parents were frantic and apologized for their kids’ wild behavior! In other words, parents’ perceptions of their children’s behavior changed, even if their child was acting completely normal!
Classic placebo effect at its finest.
Psychological Vitamins: The 3 Things Our Children Are Missing
Let’s answer the question we’ve been waiting on: Why do kids use so much technology nowadays?
Nir mentioned a theory called the Needs Displacement Hypothesis. In short, when we don’t get our needs met in-person, we look elsewhere: technology.
No friends? Make digital friends. Too stressed from school? Watch TV. Not enough play time? Play a video game!
But what exactly are the needs our children are missing?
There are only 3: competency, autonomy, and relatedness. Nir calls these needs Psychological Vitamins.
Vitamin C: Competency
Research from the University of Virginia even shows that kindergarten teachers, compared to 15 years ago, spend much more time teaching academics rather than play and art. Some children are even tested 3-4 times a year!
The big problem? These tests and programs are creating a group of kids that feel like they are incompetent. Thus, they turn to Roblox or Minecraft to feel like they can achieve something. According to Concordia University, some games can even set expectations that successfully mirror the same sorts of social expectations we can find in real life!
When kids feel incompetent, they turn to the digital world to feel good.
Vitamin A: Autonomy
Autonomy is what makes kids feel good and make their own decisions. In fact, now is one of the most regulated and controlled times in all of history, making our kids the opposite of autonomous— dependent.
Nir mentions that there are only 2 places where we are so dependent on rules and regulation: school and prison.
The truth is, when kids come home, they want to run around and laugh and play. But all of this is gone with modern society’s societal fears of ‘stranger danger’ and child abductions. No longer can kids play— they must stay at home and play on their phones instead or risk being picked up by the police for playing in a playground by themselves.
“Since about 1955 … children’s free play has been continually declining, at least partly because adults have exerted ever-increasing control over children’s activities” — Dr. Peter Gray
Vitamin R: Relatedness
Kids need friends and people to care about them, and they also need to care about others. So when they don’t get their relatedness vitamin, they go online to bridge that longing for connection.
Technology in this case serves as an alternate means to connect. TV shows let kids feel like they connect to their favorite characters, video games allow kids to make friends in the digital world, and books transport kids into an alternate world where they feel empathy for the characters.
The bottom line: Technology is the symptom, not the cause. It’s not necessarily bad, as it can offer an alternative to the 3 vitamins kids are lacking. It’s only when technology is the biggest source of competency, autonomy, or relatedness that technology actually becomes a problem.
How Do We Raise Indistractable Kids?
Here are the top 7 tips to raise kids that know how to focus and are distraction-free.
#1: Leverage technology for free play
The greatest gift for children’s wellbeing, according to Nir, is to let them play. More specifically, let them free play.
What is free play?
According to Dr. Gray, free play is play a child undertakes him-or her-self and is self-directed and an end in itself, rather than part of some organized activity.’
Essentially, free play is letting kids play freely with their peers without the watchful eyes of parents, teachers, and coaches.
Free play lets kids learn their “place” in the world. It’s the magical time where kids learn how the world works and that the world doesn’t revolve around them. And it’s especially important to do all this without the watchful eye of teachers because kids need to find out what’s right and wrong on their own.
Nowadays, time for play is at an all-time low. Today, you don’t hear kids playing around the neighborhood. Today, kids don’t have an opportunity to go to the park and run around without being protected and monitored 24/7.
But here’s the silver lining: we can use technology to create free play.
For example, Nir’s daughter, Jasmine, has been homeschooled for years now. They use online software like Zoom to play cards with her friends, make time for chitchat, and play!
Essentially, Jasmine has easier access to free play by using the right technology.
#2: Filter for creation vs consuming content
Nir had a great analogy where he said technology is like swimming pools. Swimming pools are dangerous, and thousands of people drown in them every year. Yet we continue to use them, and we teach our kids how to swim.
Technology can also be dangerous. The problem here is that we are not teaching our kids correctly, and some parents even hand their kids an iPad and give them free reign (this is the absolute worst thing to do!). Instead, the iPad should be screened for Creation and Consuming content.
Creation content are videos, books, and TV that teaches skills, educates, or provides valuable information. Ideally, this will be age-appropriate for the child (ie. not too difficult and not too easy, but just slightly challenging). Here are some examples:
Learn the 5 senses:
Consuming content includes entertainment and leisure activities designed to be consumed for the sole purpose of providing entertainment value. You know those videos— I won’t link them here. They’re the reason why the older generation calls kids these days ‘brain dead’.
But should we eliminate all consuming content from our children’s technology diet? I’ll answer that in my next point…
#3: Make time for traction
Traction is any action that pulls us toward what we want to do. These actions are done with intent.
Disctraction, on the other hand, is any action that pulls us away from what we want to do.
If your child wants to play video games, 2 hours or less is fine as long as it’s scheduled. However, if they want to play video games to be escape from their responsibilities like homework, they are being easily distracted.
Do you see the difference? Technology is perfectly fine as long as it’s scheduled.
Without a schedule, our days mesh together, and people lose track of their entire day.
— Nir Eyal
Scheduled time allows us to take control of our time.
And if we don’t create a schedule, rumination happens. This is when kids start thinking about playing Minecraft or watching Frozen over and over again in their minds instead of concentrating on what they need to focus on.
But we can’t just impose a schedule on our kids— or ourselves, for that matter— because of a little Psychological theory called Reactance Theory.
What is Reactance Theory?
This behavioral model states that when a person experiences a loss in their freedom, they will react with anxiety and distress. They may even react by performing an opposite action than the desired behavior.
If we enforce a schedule on a child, the child may ignore that schedule completely and watch TV all day.
So what can we do so our child has scheduled technology time? The first step is not to impose a schedule on them. The second step is to come up with a schedule together.
Here’s how Nir did it when Jasmine was just 5 years old:
- Jasmine’s favorite phrase at the time was “iPad time”.
- Nir wanted to fix this, so he sat down with his daughter one-on-one.
- Nir told Jasmine that technology comes with an opportunity cost— a missed opportunity to play with him and her mom, read a book, or engage in other activities.
- He asked her how much time she would like to spend a day on her iPad.
The result? Jasmine asked for 45 minutes a day. Just 45 minutes!
What if your own kid asks for more time? You might just have to learn how to negotiate better!
#4: Set your timer
How do you hold your child accountable for keeping on schedule? Here are a few ideas:
- Set a kitchen timer.
- Use Alexa / Google Home to set a timer.
- Use the built-in timer or Screen Time on your phone or iPad.
But the most important thing here is to let your kid do it him- or her-self.
You cannot put in hard rules for your child to follow— this creates ‘little cheaters’ in the long run. Instead, teach them to set the timer on their own and follow it.
You are not raising a child. You are raising a future adult.
— Nir Eyal
But the most important thing here is that you have to set your own timer. Nir came up with this idea of the ‘hypocrisy antenna’ that are built-in to all kids. Essentially, they can sniff out when someone is being a hypocrite, so you can’t just tell them to be accountable and not be accountable for your own time.
Pro tip: Try verbalizing your own time schedule around your kids. For example, if you really want to browse Instagram some more but need to make time to spend with the family, say this out loud. Kids will pick up on this!
#5: Synchronize your schedules
Every Sunday night, Nir sits down with his wife and they take a look at their schedules. They used to fight about household responsibilities, but with schedule syncing, no more arguments!
Try doing the same with your family. Sync schedules with your family members so everyone knows who’s busy and when.
Side note: Don’t interrupt your child during his / her technology time, either. That’s the last thing they want!
#6: Pull back on external triggers
External triggers are all the outside forces that distract us and pull us away from our goal, such as phone notifications and TV.
And we are all slaves to external triggers, unless we consciously decide to control them.
For example, when I have free time in the evening, I often wait for someone to call or see if there’s anything new trending on Netflix. These are all external triggers that can pull me in any which direction depending on what’s new or useful.
A great step in the right direction is removing all technology before bed and finding out what your child’s external triggers are during their ‘winding down’ time. This will let you know what is pulling your child towards distraction.
Once you find out your child’s external triggers, you can then replace it with other external triggers (such as a notification you set on your phone) to make time for the things you love the most.
#7: Create an effort pact
This is the step that has to come last, after everything else is in place. An effort pact is something that creates ‘glue’ between a child and something that they don’t want to do.
In other words, you need to create a way for your child to know how to be focused on their task at hand, like doing homework.
Here’s an easy way how: use an app called Forest. This app lets you set a timer, and when you hit the ‘Start’ button, a tree is planted! But the thing is, if you pick up the phone, the tree dies. Essentially, this lets your child go through a productive, focused session of work.
Use technology to block distracting technology.
Bonus tip: Wear a concentration crown
Now that we know how to keep our kids indistractable, how do we keep them from distracting us during times of focused work? Nir came up with the fabulous idea of a concentration crown.
This is the most ridiculous hat you own— like a pirate hat or one with elf ears. But it really helps you improve concentration!
Once you set the ground rules that anyone wearing this crown cannot be disturbed, you’ll have your own little safe haven for focused work sessions, and no more trouble focusing!
In the end, technology can absolutely create a more focused, smarter, and more productive child. It all comes down to how you use it to your advantage.
Did you learn something new in this session? Leave a comment below!